How to Install Tor Browser on Linux

Privacy and anonymity are hard to come by on the Internet. Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to protect your personal data from the prying eyes of data collection algorithms, marketers, and advertisers.

This tutorial will show you how to install Tor Browser on Linux. Tor Browser is a modern, cross-platform and open source web browser with a focus on privacy. The main purpose of a browser is to give you a basic right to privacy on the Internet.

Step 1: Download the Tor Browser package

Download the Tor Browser package
Download the Tor Browser package

You can install Tor Browser on your system in 3 easy steps. First, download the Tor Browser installation files from the official website or here.

Click the button Download for Linux and the browser will start downloading the package to the default download location, such as the folder Downloads.

Alternatively, you can download browser files from the command line, using a tool like wget or cURL. To do that, right click on the button Downloads for Linux and then select option Copy Link from the context menu.

Next, go to folder Downloads by command CD.

cd ~/Downloads

Then run wget follow the link you just copied.


Note that the aforementioned method will work on any Linux distribution, including Ubuntu and Kali Linux.

Step 2: Extract the installation files

The Tor Browser installation files are compressed and you need to decompress them before you can continue.

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To do that, navigate to the folder Downloads or the location where you downloaded the file.

cd ~/Downloads

Run the tar command to extract the TAR archive.

tar -xvf tor-browser-linux64-11.0.2_en-US.tar.xz

Obviously, you have to replace the filename with the downloaded file name.

Step 3: Register the browser as an app

Move the extracted installation files to the folder /opt. On UNIX-based systems, the opt directory is reserved for optional or additional software packages that are not part of the core Linux system.

Additionally, you will need administrative privileges to copy files to that directory.

sudo mv tor-browser_en-US /opt

Now, go to the directory of the Tor Browser installation file you just copied.

cd /opt/tor-browser_en-US

If you list the contents of this directory, you will notice that you have an executable file start-tor-browser.desktop. This file is responsible for starting the application.

list -ls
The start-tor-browser.desktop executable is responsible for starting the application
The start-tor-browser.desktop executable is responsible for starting the application

To register the browser as a Linux application, run the following command:

./start-tor-browser.desktop --register-app

Using Tor Browser on Linux

Now that Tor Browser has been successfully installed, search for tor in the menu Applications and launch it to start using the browser.

Tor Browser on Linux
Tor Browser on Linux

You can click the button Connect to use encrypted connections and initiate your browsing sessions. You can also configure other browsing and privacy options by clicking the button Tor Network Settings.

This guide looked at how you can protect your personal data and profile while browsing the web by installing and using the Tor Browser. To get the most out of your browsing experience on Tor Browser, you should have a deep understanding of how it works.

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